Play is significant in all phases of a child’s normal growth and development. It allows the child to develop emotionally, socially, physically, and mentally. Additionally, it is gratifying exciting, and enables children to learn since in the process of playing, they absorb new information and processes that become part of their knowledge foundation. This eventually allows children to change their interpretation and opinions. In normal circumstances, children have a tough time whenever they visit hospitals as either inpatients or outpatients. They are usually frightened and traumatized. For such children, play is essential because it eases their predicaments. Nevertheless, in a hospital setting and for children who are indisposed, play is essential to allow those in early and middle childhood to develop their cognitive, physical, social, and emotional growth while recovering from their illnesses. The current paper analyses the importance of play to children in a hospital facility and the best design for play.
Hospitalization is an unfriendly experience for both adults and children since they unexpectedly leave their places of residence and people that are important to them. The event also forces them to interrupt their preferred activities, for instance play. Such a separation coupled with entry into the daunting atmosphere of a hospital may trigger feelings of uneasiness and anxiety in both to the children and their families (Pitas, 2013). Such undesirable feelings intensify in cases whereby the concerned children suffer from chronic or austere and life-threatening ailments. When a child is admitted in a hospital, much focus is placed on the improvement of the clinical symptoms of the ailment and reduction of the emotional burden that comes with the illness. Unfortunately, play is often overlooked as it is considered insignificant. Nonetheless, it is important when a child is continually hospitalized since it resolutely plays a significant role in the psychological well-being and self-confidence of the child (Boucher, 2014). Therapeutic play is a variety of activities that promote the psychosocial and cognitive development of children as a way of improving their emotional and physical health. A child’s capability to play while in the hospital environment is a sign of good health in such a challenging atmosphere. This sign indicates that the child may carry on its normal activities hence showing some development in the course of treatment. Dancing can be incorporated in play but it must be done in an environment that children feel comfortable. .Notably, play is an important form of communication and self-expression that allows children to effectively communicate with both the family and medical practitioners. It also assists children to become accustomed to the unknown, for example, the hospital environment besides enabling them to express their feelings and concerns, particularly regarding medical procedures.
In most cases, hospitals provide children with toys to play with to help them cope with medical procedures. For example, it is advisable to have children hold teddy bears and other stuffed animals, to, particularly during a blood test or immunization. Nurses also use play as a healthcare approach for children in wards in three main areas, namely routine practice, preparation for surgery and invasive actions, and in the course of aching and unpleasant procedures (Webb, 1995). The therapeutic use of play stems from educational training, fortitude, and disposition for an individual to occupy oneself with children. Indeed, play institutes a key element of the healthcare of the sick children and assists in appreciating their desires and supporting them to prepare for therapeutic procedures (Koukourikos, Tzeha, Pantelidou & Tsaloglidou, 2015).
There are many ways through which play contributes to the four types of development. Generally, it is a significant form of children’s movement and helps in the growth of fine motor skills. Moreover, child movement, which is an effective health management, for instance, the coordination of complete body action, as well as other actions like finger action and hands movement, are effectively attained through play. Therefore, through play, healthcare practitioners are able to monitor children’s condition besides being significant in the development of adult-child motor establishment. The play process also enables the child to move the body from one place to another frequently. The small motor comprises the movement of body parts, for instance, legs, trunk, arms, and head. Several actions help in advancing a child’s physical and fine-motor action development. Focused play techniques in hospitals are applied in hospitalized children as a way of preparing them for surgical or other nasty medical procedures. Sometimes, before hospital admission, children might be inspired to play with nursing attires, injects and other equipment as a way making them feel comfortable with the items that they will encounter from time to time in the healthcare facility. Teddy bears or dolls could also be applied for demonstration of what is likely to happen to the child as a form of familiarizing with the new environment. Play support to children for them to develop the gross motor skills through offering them an opportunity to jump, run, push and pull, throw and catch, and pedal tricycles among others.
The physical development of a child begins before birth. In the process of children’s growth, several physical changes take place gradually. After birth, the child is supposed to practice significant motor movement that are important for growth and development. Physical growth and other aspects of growth, such as weight, height, and maturity are supported in several places, for instance, at school and home. Therefore, for effective physical growth in a hospital facility, it is essential to have an aptitude related to large motor skills and small motor skills. Parents can also assist in the physical development of children in hospital through providing home-based muscles free facilities (Koukourikos, Tsaloglidou & Kourkouta, 2014). Children can use such facilities in the hospital space. The parents also need to carry along all the toys that the children would want.
The mental health is directly related to the emotional and social health of adult children. Therefore, an effective practice of mental health of a child is learned using interfaces that are always self-possessed with families as well as other relatives. Therefore, a piece of play equipment assits in connecting children with their families socially. The play is an astonishing form that assits children to connect with their families and other people that are close to them. Social skills comprise the connection between children and friends or families at the challenging times and signify the bond with families or friends. Children are usually fascinated and constantly learn new things, for instance, new songs, noises, and objects to discern. Social and emotional growth is the aptitude supported by several play elements.
The social and emotional bond characterizes the children’s necessity in their initial stage of growth. Some of the emotional bonds include attention, egotism, motivation, and sensual. Children grow and learn new social skills hence making them able to integrate new with old, building their knowledge and sense of understanding. The magic moves by toys aspire to give children different melodies light that is important for music and command. Such kinds of actions support social and emotional bonding. When children take part in games, they are able to support their social aptitude and manage their emotions (Whitebread, Basilio, Kuvalja & Verma, 2012).
Concerning play, children may possibly practice their verbal and nonverbal communication, body language, release their emotions, and construct self-confidence. In this regard, dolls are essential tools to advance a child’s emotions and connection in a safe manner. Many children like dolls and their emotions bond with them. Therefore, children can use their inspiration play skills to treat and support their condition in hospital.
Play improves coping and adjustment to long-term care in different ways. When individuals get into long-term care services, numerous challenging emotional adjustments are required. For instance, adjusting significant properties concerning service guidelines are demanding. It is important to reminisce that such kind of sentiments are normal. Therefore, we can support our loved ones to attain their needs through the reality encompassed in the movement practise. We can help the loved ones in our families in such new responsibilities in order to ensure their improved health. In most cases, the patients have families that provide help and treatment at different stages in life (Bruce, 2012).
Many individuals require special care at different points in their lives. Therefore, continuous play for long-term care could be a significant foundation of the presser, thus, it is important to analyze each of the options primarily. Moreover, it is important to access the patient’s health group as well as other family members to establish approved and economic planning that define the long-term care options that are suitable for the loved ones. Progression into school is explicitly imperative, as enthusiasm for school is logical of long-term structural and theoretical accomplishment. Long-term care is enthusiastically spraining as well as the options anyone has to choose (Bruce, 2012). The ability of the children to progress competently to school is established on their private characteristics, for instance, character and disposition. This is also grounded on patients’ features, for example, parental edification and insolences to school and community characteristics, such as quality and availability.
Generally, play is a significant factor in the child’s normal development. Play is also an important channel of communication in childhood, although the impact of the child’s physical or mental disease may affect its capability to play. In a hospital setting, play can have an exceptional beneficial value for the sick children, thus, playing a significant role in their physical and emotional well-being. Play also helps in examining matters associated with the experiences of children in the infirmary and decreases the strength of the negative emotional state. Such feelings normally go along with hospital admission and hospitalization. Play has numerous features, which when applied in the situation of treatment are of abundant support in the development and perfection of a child’s function. Healthcare specialists can use play as a treatment and care approach for hospitalized children, and its function and value increases when children become more susceptible because of a life-threatening illness or infirmity. A child’s aptitude to play in the hospital reinstates the incoherence being occasioned in its life attributable to hospital admittance and demonstrates that the child may carry on with its normal life even in the hospital. By appreciating play, healthcare specialists can precisely realize the effects of hospitalization and ailment on children on one hand, and, on the other hand, improve the emotional development of children. Through the application of play, medical practitioners and other caregivers have an opportunity to advance control in many circumstances, consequently shifting hospitalization into an encouraging instead of an undesirable experience. The medical practitioners in healthcare facilities need to select suitable activities and space, which help the children to develop and at the same time reassure the parents to bring along the child’s preferred toys to the hospital and enthusiastically play a part in the whole procedure.
Compas, B. E., Jaser, S. S., Dunn, M. J., & Rodriguez, E. M. (2012). Coping with chronic illness in childhood and adolescence. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 8, 455-480.
The article talks about chronic illnesses and medical conditions that are present among millions of children and adolescents with substantial stress that is related with the risk for emotional and behavioural problems. These elements hinder the devotion to treatment regimens. The article reviews research on the function of child and adolescent coping with stress as a significant feature of the process of adaptation to illness.
Koukourikos, K., Tsaloglidou, A., & Kourkouta, L. (2014). Muscle atrophy in intensive care unit patients. Acta Informatica Medica, 22(6), 406.
The author in this article reiterates the significance of muscle atrophy as one of the essential frequent challenges apparent in patients in Intensive Care Units. He goes further to describe the term as a disorder in the structure and in the function of the muscle that is prevalent main in hospitalized patients. The article mainly reviews all the data that is related to muscle atrophy mainly its causes and risk factors.
Koukourikos, K., Tzeha, L., Pantelidou, P., & Tsaloglidou, A. (2015). The importance of play during hospitalization of children. Materia socio-medica, 27(6), 438.
The author in this article reiterates on the importance of play constitutes an indispensable parameter of the normal psychological development of children, as well as their legal right. He also talks about the significance of play as a communication tool in childhood stage. According to the author, this understanding of play assists healthcare professionals to accurately understand the impacts of hospitalization and disease on children. This information improves the emotional development of children in hospital.
Potasz, C., Varela, M. J. V. D., Carvalho, L. C. D., Prado, L. F. D., & Prado, G. F. D. (2013). Effect of play activities on hospitalized children’s stress: a randomized clinical trial. Scandinavian journal of occupational therapy, 20(1), 71-79.
The article focuses on the importance of using involvements that consider age ranges and gender in increasing coping approaches, in addition to the importance of such techniques that are used by occupational therapists in therapeutic instruments. The author reiterates the importance of play as an intervention to help children cope with the pressure of a hospitalization period.
Webb, J. R. (1995). Play therapy with hospitalized children. International Journal of Play Therapy, 4(1), 51.
This article offers a partial review of the literature relating to the use of play therapy in the hospital setting. The author focuses on situations involving the critically ill child. The author’s original ideologies of play therapy are observed and applied to the play therapists function in relations with the hospitalized and/or fatally ill child.
Whitebread, D., Basilio, M., Kuvalja, M., & Verma, M. (2012). The importance of play. Brussels, Belgium: Toy Industries of Europe (TIE). Retrieved, 10(16), 2015.
The authors in this article focus on the value of children’s play. According to the authors, it is important that that many people need to recognise the need for play among children, as modern European societies face growing challenges, including those that are economic, social and environmental. Simultaneously, the prospects and support for children’s play, which is sensitive to their development of the capacities they will need as forthcoming citizens have been threatened as a result of increased urbanisation and family life stress in and changes in educational systems.
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