Park University Criminology and Risk Management Discussion – Assignment Help

I’m studying for my Psychology class and need an explanation.

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Jose Cordero

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1. The name of the article is “Bridging neuropsychology and forensic psychology: Executive function overlaps with the Central Eight risk and need factors.” The goal of this research is to try and expand the research and correlation between neuropsychology and the Central Eight risk factors which tend to correlate with individuals whom commit crimes. By understanding the neuropsychology markers associated with the risk factors forensic psychologists will be able to better understand the psychology and motives behind a criminals actions being able more easily differentiate the individuals who have mental illnesses from those who do not. There has always been controversy and lack of research in regards to what really differentiates an individual that should be charged with mental illness hindering their ability to control their behaviors to those that commit the crimes fully aware of what they are doing.

2. By having a better understand of the neuropsychology of individuals who have the markers that are correlated to the Central Eight risk factors we gain a few things. First is the ability to predict the possibility that an individual will eventually commit a crime. Most of the individuals with the Central Eight risk factors have a tendency to at one point or another in their development into adults to end up needing some to seek some sort of medical professionals, so by having blue prints of these neuro markers we can assess an individual to see if they fall high on the likelihood they will comitt a crime. When it comes to the research helping a forensic psychologists job it will definitely help them better assesses whether the criminal is fit to stand trial and end up in prison or has issues that they cannot control nor are their fault in hopes of being able to get them a more fair sentence for said crimes.

Cheng, Jeremy, O’Connell , Megan E., Wormith, J. Steven (2019). Bridging neuropsychology and forensic psychology: Executive function overlaps with the Central Eight risk and need factors. Vol 63(4), Mar, 2019. pp. 558-573

Bridging Neuropsychology and Forensic Psychology_ Executive Function Overlaps With the Central Eight Risk and Need Factors.pdf

Jon Osborn

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  1. Part One: I decided to choose my research topic in an area based off of my findings in the discussion thread. One of the areas or topics was do me “Think offenders have rights and should be treated justly and fairly.” From this I understand everyone should be treated fairly but it’s hard to justify that when someone commits a crime. This leads me to the research topic I discovered and found very interesting. The article is titled how should we decide whom to imprison? The use of risk assessment instruments in sentencing decisions. How do judges and police officials determine what is a just sentence and do we think that all people that break crimes should go into detainee centers? The main reason in why we put people behind bars is because they have displayed a certain act of violence and by containing them we can reduce possible future violence. It is cause of this that psychologists and scientists have been figuring ways to determine just punishment or possible incarceration depending on the people’s profile. It was rom this that they developed risk assessment instruments. It is these instruments that tell professionals which risk factors to consider in deciding how to supervise and treat people who have been charged with crimes.(Viljoen 2019) It is with these instruments that many feel may help divert people who aren’t dangerous but made a bad decision from prison. They would receive other types of punishment like heavier fines. This could intern reduce the amount of people incarceration and reduce tax payers dollars for running these facilities.
  2. I feel like after more research in this area we could help reduce or find a better way to handle some of the smaller crimes and reduce incarceration rates. Right now the United States has the highest and most elaborate prison system in the world. Some people feel that this is the reason why many criminals repeat crimes because life on the inside is better than life on the outside. What we thought was a punishment is in reality the type of life with a structure that they are looking for. If we could refine these risk management instruments and place counselors in the right area we could help some of these petty crime criminals find their true belonging by contributing to society instead of hindering it. The questions I had from this research is what are the types of questions do they ask in this risk assessment? Who determines what classifies certain risks? Finally would victims feel this is a good course of action for the perpetrator?

Citation

Viljoen, J. L., Jonnson, M. R., Cochrane, D. M., Vargen, L. M., & Vincent, G. M. (2019). Impact of risk assessment instruments on rates of pretrial detention, postconviction placements, and release: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Law and Human Behavior, 43(5), 397–420. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000344

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