Colorado Northwestern Best Practice for Cost Of Capital Estimates Discussion – Assignment Help

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1) Lakshmi Mani Gummadi

At the point when associations fund-raise for growing ventures, they need to charge for the utilization of these treasuries. At the point when a firm raises money from investors or acknowledges cash from private chosen people, this is the thing that we call value. Cash which is upstretched by searching from a bank of issuing associations is known as an obligation. WACC (weighted normal cost of capital) is the ordinary intrigue proportion it must remittance to support its benefits, working capital, and development (Illessy and Shastri, 2001). WACC can likewise be characterized as a normal rate or landing it imperative make on the current possessions to pacify its financial specialists, investors, and loan losses. WACC is in connection with the capital structure of the organization and is unruffled of both value financing and obligation financing. Cost of capital depends on a few organizations pay to subsidize its moves without being point by point about the affirmation if its capital design (Guivarch and Hallegatte, 2013).

In regard to the case given over, the association is foreseen to have the arrival of around 10%. Also, on account of the table above, add up to WACC is 11% which is evident that the WACC exceeds the anticipated return by the organization. Along these lines, this shows plainly that the financing strategy utilized isn’t right. Therefore, Harriet’s proposal to me is mistaken (Guivarch and Hallegatte, 2013). The reason this is on the grounds that even the held profit has taken a toll too. When we discuss the held income this alludes to the area of net paychecks not compensated out as payment but rather it’s saved by the organization to be furrowed in its central business or for the persistence of relinquishing obligation. It’s recorded underneath bondholders’ equity on the measuring scale sheet (Illessy and Shastri, 2001). Held profit do have opportunity taken a toll as well in spite of the absence of a stream of the capital. The thought isn’t great in light of the fact that the cost of WACC isn’t equivalent to the cost of the held income.

capital ventures ought to have outstanding capital rates as restricted by WACC. This task ought to have this remarkable capital proportion in light of the fact that, at any given time, any undertaking paying little heed to the size can be presented to the danger of various levels. Every advancement cost focus ought to divert venture threat and not the hazard identified with association’s common undertaking as mirrored its amalgamated WACC. In spite of WACC gives ventures esteems, it’s resolved for the most part, however, the danger related to it (Dudley, 2009). In this way, when a task is seen to have high or low odds of hazard, its WACC will be acclimated up high or descending to the defense for chance refinement. CAPM methodology can likewise be changed in accordance with obliging lower or higher peril chance. Crucial rates can be worked out to puff returns and also use rate which is without weakness (Armitage, 2014).


Guivarch, C., & Hallegatte, S. (2013). 2C or not 2C?. Global Environmental Change, 23(1), 179-192. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.10.006

Illessy, J., & Shastri, K. (2001). The Debt-Equity Mix in Preferred Stock and Adverse Selection Costs: An Empirical Investigation. SSRN Electronic Journal. doi: 10.2139/ssrn.251943

Mohammadi, A., & Taherkhani, P. (2017). Organizational capital, intellectual capital and cost stickiness (evidence from Iran). Journal Of Intellectual Capital, 18(3), 625-642. doi: 10.1108/jic-06-2016-0066

Serena Chiucchi, M. (2013). Measuring and reporting intellectual capital. Journal Of Intellectual Capital, 14(3), 395-413. doi: 10.1108/jic-03-2013-0036

2) Shiva Charan Kaveri

Harriet’s suggestion proposes that every opportunity has a cost therefore retained earnings also comes at a cost. In case the stakeholders decide not to put money in the company and thus using it to earn money from the market it leads to the loss of opportunity cost that was established before. It is considered an unfavorable idea because it is known than debt retained earning always require the rate of return thus making the project way overpriced as the cost of retained earnings are part of WACC (Yarab, 2020). The unique rate for every project If the following two assumptions are true for any new project the WACC can provide an excellent platform for evaluating the respected project. The capital structure of the new project is not changed Financially it is being advised to make the capital structure of the selected project similar to that of the original company. This statement means that if the company is established on the rule of investment that is 50 percent debt and 50 % equity then the same rule should be applied to the project. The risk of the new project has not changed The same rule applies in the risk factor the risk involved in carrying out a new project is the same as risks of the already established business of the company. Adjustment of risk in WACC Projects which are less or riskier are calculated using risk-adjusted WACC The steps for calculation are as follows • For the new project finding the beta. • Equity beta is adjusted into an asset beta by degearing. • Asset beta is again adjusted to reflect the new project by the process of regearing. • Beta is used to find Ke by using the CAPM equation. • Ke= Rf + (ERM – Rf) * Beta. • This Ke is further used to find WACC. These values of WACC are used to evaluate projects on a level playing field (corporatefinanceinstitute, n.d.). References Yarab A. (2020, January 14). Cost of Capital – Definition, Formula, Calculation and Example. Retrieved from… Corporate finance institute. (n.d.). Cost of Capital. Retrieved from…

3) Pavana Gadde

Cost of capital

Capital costs are profitable for company investments, without changing the market value, which will cost future business profits, as well as the discount rate. That’s why he is a business director. It is necessary to make decisions to make investments and, therefore, the most appropriate financing tools for the organization.

The study of cost capital is based on specific capital sources to find the basic income to determine the total cost of the company’s capital. These sources must be long-term because they are those who provide sustainable financing.

Long-term sources of funds are long-term debt, preferential shares, and common shares and associated profits; each one is linked to a specific cost and sets the total cost of capital.

The most important factors that determine the cost of capital are as follows:

• Request financial conditions and financial resources.

• Market conditions, risk premiums and liquidity of the market.

• Company financial and operating conditions.

• Amount of financing (Levi, & Welch, 2017).

Capital source costs

The low theoretical cost of these sources is, but it should be taken into account that each of these costs has a deeper connotation in its application.

• Long-term debt settlement

This fund source has two main components: Debt, contract paid discounts and early repayment.

Debt cost is determined by the internal rate of return of the debt flow. This cost is the annual cost of the company’s tax debt.

Comment: Calculations for yield calculation can be made using the “interpolation” method.

• Cost of priority shares

Priority shares are divided according to the annual dividend of the shares, preferential shares of the sale of the product.

CAP = Annual dividend of shares / shares net

• Cost of common shares

It is difficult to calculate the cost of common shares because the value of these shares is based on the current value that will be paid for each future dividend. The dividends distributed in the future dividends represent the cost of common shares.

• Nonprofit cost

The cost of the receipts is closely linked to ordinary shares; Unless otherwise agreed, ordinary shareholders will be paid through dividends, and consequently the cost of associated costs is considered the cost of this option. Dividends allocated to existing shareholders (Vartiainen, 20020).

Calculation the cost of capital

The calculation is based on the determination of the effective cost of each one of the funding sources in an individualized manner and is calculated as the calculation of the discount rate that emerges from the equation that equals the present value of the net resources received, with the current value of the cash outflows caused by this financing for any reason. This will make an estimate of the cost of third-party resources, another ordinary capital and another retained earnings (Vartiainen, 20020).

After obtaining these costs, the weighted average cost of all funding sources can be determined. These calculations assume a series of assumptions about certain factors that are supposed to remain constant (Vartiainen, 20020).


Levi, Y., & Welch, I. (2017). Best practice for cost-of-capital estimates. Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 52(2), 427-463.

Vartiainen, E., Masson, G., Breyer, C., Moser, D., & Román Medina, E. (2020). Impact of weighted average cost of capital, capital expenditure, and other parameters on future utility‐scale PV levelised cost of electricity. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 28(6), 439-453.

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